Adrenal Glands Specialist

Endocrinology and Osteoporosis Centers of Texas

Endocrinology located in Pearland, TX & Pasadena, TX

The adrenal glands might be small, but they produce the hormones responsible for many critical bodily functions. At Endocrinology and Osteoporosis Centers of Texas, board-certified physician Ashkan Zand, MD, and the team have years of experience diagnosing and treating ailments that affect the adrenal glands. To schedule an appointment at the office in Houston, Pearland, or Pasadena, Texas, call the office to speak with a team member or book online today.

Adrenal Glands Q & A

What are the adrenal glands?

The adrenal glands are two small triangle-shaped glands that rest on top of your kidneys. Each gland has two separate parts –– an outer region, called the adrenal cortex, and an inner region called the adrenal medulla.

The adrenal cortex produces hormones like cortisol, aldosterone, and DHEA. These hormones help regulate your metabolism, nervous system, and immune system. The adrenal medulla produces adrenaline, a hormone that affects your heart rate and blood pressure.

Can adrenal glands malfunction?

Yes. If your adrenal glands produce too many or too few hormones, it can cause various issues that affect your health and quality of life. The adrenal glands can also develop cancer, resulting in adrenal tumors and metastases (cancerous growths throughout the body).

What are some common disorders that affect the adrenal glands?

At Endocrinology and Osteoporosis Centers of Texas, the team treats various disorders that affect the adrenal glands, including:

Adrenal cancer

Adrenal cancer is a rare but aggressive type of cancer that attacks the outer layer of the adrenal glands (adrenal cortex). Common symptoms include abdominal pain, high blood pressure, and unexplained weight loss.

Adrenal incidentaloma

An adrenal incidentaloma is a type of tumor that develops on the adrenal gland. These tumors are typically larger than one centimeter and can be cancerous or benign.

Addison’s disease (adrenal insufficiency)

Addison’s disease affects about four in every 100,0000 people. It occurs when the adrenal glands produce too few hormones. Over time, this causes your immune system to attack and destroy the adrenal glands, resulting in potentially life-threatening consequences.

Cushing’s Disease

Cushing’s disease is the opposite of Addison’s disease – it speeds up hormone production, resulting in excess cortisol. Common symptoms include unexplained weight gain, tiredness, high blood pressure, and increased acne. Cushing’s disease can affect people of all ages.

How are adrenal disorders diagnosed and treated?

To diagnose disorders of the adrenal glands, the team at Endocrinology and Osteoporosis Centers of Texas conducts a physical exam, asks about your symptoms, and reviews your health history. Afterward, they order laboratory and imaging tests to gain additional insights.

After determining the cause of your symptoms, they develop a custom treatment plan to align with your needs. That might include:

  • Prescription medication
  • Surgery
  • Radiation therapy
  • Dietary changes

To learn more about the treatment of disorders of the adrenal glands, schedule an appointment at Endocrinology and Osteoporosis Centers of Texas. Call the nearest office to speak with a team member or book online today.