Diabetes Specialist

Endocrinology and Osteoporosis Centers of Texas

Board Certified Endocrinology located in Houston, Pearland and Pasadena, TX

About one in 10 Americans have diabetes, a chronic disease that affects the pancreas’ ability to produce insulin. At Endocrinology and Osteoporosis Centers of Texas, with three locations in Houston, Pearland, and Pasadena, Texas, board-certified physician Ashkan Zand, MD, and the team diagnose and treat all types of diabetes. Using a customized care plan, they can minimize uncomfortable symptoms and help you achieve optimal health. Book an appointment online or call the office nearest you today.

Diabetes Q & A

What is diabetes?

Diabetes mellitus refers to a group of chronic conditions that affect the way your body uses blood sugar. Blood sugar fuels your brain and provides energy for the cells in your muscles and tissues, but too much increases your risk of serious health problems, including nerve damage or a heart attack.

What are the types of diabetes?

At Endocrinology and Osteoporosis Centers of Texas, the team treats all types of diabetes, including:


Prediabetes occurs when your blood sugar remains higher than normal for an extended period. With early intervention, treatment, and healthy lifestyle changes, it’s possible to prevent prediabetes from worsening.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes causes your body’s immune system to attack the insulin-producing cells in your pancreas if the pancreas doesn’t create enough insulin, your blood sugar levels spike.

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes affects the way your body processes glucose (blood sugar). If you have type 2 diabetes, your pancreas is resistant to or doesn’t produce enough insulin, allowing sugar to build up in your bloodstream.

Gestational diabetes

Gestational diabetes affects pregnant women. During pregnancy, the body releases excess hormones to protect and support the growing fetus. Sometimes, these hormones cause insulin resistance. In most instances, gestational diabetes resolves after you give birth.

How is diabetes diagnosed?

To diagnose diabetes, the team at Endocrinology and Osteoporosis Centers of Texas conducts a physical exam and reviews your health history. They then order a glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test, which measures your average blood sugar levels over several months. 

A reading of 6.5% or greater on two separate tests indicates diabetes. If the results of your A1C test aren’t consistent, the team might recommend additional testing, including a random blood sugar test, a fasting blood sugar test, or an oral glucose tolerance test.

How is diabetes treated?

Diabetes treatment depends on the underlying type and severity of your symptoms. If you have prediabetes, the team might recommend healthy lifestyle changes like eating a balanced diet, losing weight, or exercising more frequently.

If you have Type 2 diabetes, it’s important to regularly monitor your blood sugar, eat healthily, and exercise. You might also benefit from insulin therapy or oral medication.

Type 1 diabetes requires insulin therapy. Insulin therapy uses injectable insulin or an insulin pump to keep your blood sugar levels in the optimal range.

If you’re concerned about your risk of diabetes, request a consultation at the Endocrinology and Osteoporosis Centers of Texas. Book an appointment online, or call the nearest office today.