Pituitary disorders are relatively rare and tend to develop slowly over an extended period. If you experience symptoms like anxiety, mood changes, or unexplained weight gain, it’s essential to seek medical help. At Endocrinology and Osteoporosis Centers of Texas, board-certified physician Ashkan Zand, MD, and the team specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of pituitary disorders. To schedule an appointment at the office in Houston, Pearland, or Pasadena, Texas, call to speak with a team member or book online today.
Pituitary disorders occur when your pituitary gland –– a pea-sized gland at the base of the brain –– produces too much or too little of a particular hormone.
Pituitary disorders occur for various reasons, but they’re usually caused by a tumor. The majority of pituitary tumors are non-cancerous, but depending on their location, they may trigger a variety of uncomfortable symptoms.
Common symptoms of pituitary disorders include:
Some people with pituitary disorders also experience slow growth or unusual growth spurts.
Pituitary disorders fall into two categories –– secretory tumors and non-secretory tumors.
Secretory tumors affect your pituitary gland’s ability to produce certain hormones. Some people produce too many hormones (hypersecretion); others produce too few (hyposecretion).
Non-secretory tumors don’t affect your pituitary gland’s ability to produce hormones. Instead, they slowly grow in size and begin pressing on the pituitary gland or other structures in the brain. Over time, this pressure can result in blurred vision or other cognitive problems.
Some of the most common pituitary disorders include Cushing disease, growth hormone deficiency, and prolactinoma.
At Endocrinology and Osteoporosis Centers of Texas, the team diagnoses pituitary disorders by conducting a physical exam, reviewing your health history, and asking about your symptoms. Afterward, they order magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or a high-resolution computerized tomography (CT) scan of your brain and pituitary gland.
These diagnostic imaging procedures can detect tumors and other pituitary gland-related disorders.
Treatment of pituitary disorders typically involves a combination of radiation therapy and prescription medication. When combined, these treatments can minimize the size of the tumor, allowing your pituitary gland to function normally.
If the tumor continues to grow in size, or it presses against your optic nerves, surgery may be necessary. Thanks to modern tools and scientific advances, it’s possible to remove most pituitary tumors using minimally invasive techniques.
If you’d like to learn more about pituitary disorders, make an appointment at Endocrinology and Osteoporosis Centers of Texas. Call the nearest office to speak with a team member or book online today.